And how do the current great powers cope with Turkish demands? We will see wars before 2023, and that will lead to this change Among many agreements, there was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several political groups, including the Committee against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds requested by the Constitution. [20] As a result, Turkey cancelled the concession. [9] With the expiry of the 100-year-old treaty in 2023, Turkey itself will enter a new era by drilling oil and digging up a new canal linking the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara to recover the costs of passing ships. This seismic evolution, combined with Turkey`s recent military adventurism, suggests that the geographical contours of the region will certainly undergo a gigantic metamorphosis after the end of the Treaty of Lausanne. And by 2023, the treaty period, which has passed a hundred years, is coming to an end, and that is where we understand Erdogan`s comments, since Turkey will enter a new era, and begin with oil exploration and drilling of a new canal that will begin between the two black and marmara seas as preparation for the pricing of passing ships. It is possible here to strike a balance between the treaties of Lausanne II and the “Nanjing Treaty” that China ceded to Britain after the First Opium War, by signing the Tchenba Agreement, which is to end the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. Recep Tayyib Erdogan`s statement on the eve of the centenary of the Turkish Republic is indicative of the fact that something revolutionary will happen after 2023. He said Turkey would shape the future of the entire region if it met its 2023 targets. Turkey has achieved new victories and successes, he added. Because Turkey understands the role that international law would play in imposing severe sanctions if it violated international agreements and attempted to annex the city by force.

It will therefore call for the establishment of militias loyal to Ankara, like the Iranian method, to ensure that it exerts influence over Baghdad on many issues, including the important issue of the Iraqi region of Kurdistan. The Treaty of Lausanne expires in 2023. This has sparked a debate about how Turkey sees the opportunity and how it would decide to act. Will she try to revive the Ottoman Empire or something like that in Europe? Are geopolitical maps traced? Will Turkey project a hard force leading to regional domination? Although the agreement has given international status to the Bosphorus route, which prevents Turkey from producing tariffs, Turkey is awaiting the end of the agreement period in 2023 to begin oil and gas drilling in the region. This explains the Turkish regime`s attempt to establish the Istanbul Canal to connect the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara. The international community has begun to pay more attention to Turkey`s efforts, particularly towards the expiry of the Treaty of Lausanne.